What Do Parents Need to Know?
What is Problem Solving/Response to Intervention?
- A way to help students who struggle with learning or behavior
- Considers how students respond to changes in how they are taught
- Focuses on the skills students need to improve
- A plan is developed for struggling students
- Progress on this plan is monitored
- Usually has three tiers or levels of instruction /intervention
How Will This Help My Child?
- PS-RtI gives extra help to students who work below grade level or have behavior problems
- There is no delay to providing extra help
- Student progress is monitored closely
- Much of this extra help occurs in the general education classroom
- More frequent communication between you and the teacher
What Are The Steps Involved?
- Tier 1
- Core instruction all students get in the general education class
- Tier 2
- Usually small group help given based on results of screenings at Tier 1
- This extra help is in addition to what student gets in general instruction
- Tier 3
- Usually individual or very small group help focusing on particular skills and/or behaviors
- This is in addition to what is given at Tiers 1 and 2
How Long Does The Process Last?
- Help starts as soon as a skill or behavior problem is noticed
- A plan for improvement is implemented immediately
- Decisions about progress occur every few weeks
- If not enough improvement, the plan is changed
- Changing behavior usually takes longer than changing academic skills
What Are Universal Screenings?
- Tools used to screen ALL students
- Results used to review academic or behavior progress of all students
- Results help schools find students who may need additional instruction or more support
- Examples of screening tools include discipline referrals, DIBELS, Kaplan, and FAIR (new tool)
What Are Interventions?
- Teaching or behavioral strategies/methods that have been proven to be effective in helping children with similar academic or behavior problems
- Specific type of instruction/method/strategy for a specific type of problem
- Examples include teacher-led small group instruction on learning letter sounds, or using a self-monitoring behavior chart for work completion
What Is Progress Monitoring?
- A way to show how well instruction or the intervention is working
- A way to show if a student is meeting instructional or behavioral goals
- A way to determine if the intervention plan needs to be changed
- Uses quick tools or measures to determine progress on a regular basis
- Examples include 1-minute reading or math probes, or behavior charts
Progress Monitoring Charts
Can I Still Have My Child Tested?
- PS-RtI is NOT a way to delay referral to special education
- It is part of the individual student evaluation process through the observations and progress monitoring data collected on the interventions being implemented
- You have a legal right to ASK that your child be evaluated by the school to determine eligibility for special education services
- The school has a legal responsibility to provide a response to this request
Where Can I Learn More?
Your school’s guidance counselor or school psychologist is a wonderful resource.