What Do Parents Need to Know?

What is Problem Solving/Response to Intervention?

  • A way to help students who struggle with learning or behavior
  • Considers how students respond to changes in how they are taught
  • Focuses on the skills students need to improve
  • A plan is developed for struggling students
  • Progress on this plan is monitored
  • Usually has three tiers or levels of instruction /intervention

How Will This Help My Child?

  • PS-RtI gives extra help to students who work below grade level or have behavior problems
  • There is no delay to providing extra help
  • Student progress is monitored closely
  • Much of this extra help occurs in the general education classroom
  • More frequent communication between you and the teacher

What Are The Steps Involved?

  • Tier 1
    • Core instruction all students get in the general education class
  • Tier 2
    • Usually small group help given based on results of screenings at Tier 1
    • This extra help is in addition to what student gets in general instruction
  • Tier 3
    • Usually individual or very small group help focusing on particular skills and/or behaviors
    • This is in addition to what is given at Tiers 1 and 2

Parent Tier Diagram

How Long Does The Process Last?

  • Help starts as soon as a skill or behavior problem is noticed
  • A plan for improvement is implemented immediately
  • Decisions about progress occur every few weeks
  • If not enough improvement, the plan is changed
  • Changing behavior usually takes longer than changing academic skills

What Are Universal Screenings?

  • Tools used to screen ALL students
  • Results used to review academic or behavior progress of all students
  • Results help schools find students who may need additional instruction or more support
  • Examples of screening tools include discipline referrals, DIBELS, Kaplan, and FAIR (new tool)

What Are Interventions?

  • Teaching or behavioral strategies/methods that have been proven to be effective in helping children with similar academic or behavior problems
  • Specific type of instruction/method/strategy for a specific type of problem
  • Examples include teacher-led small group instruction on learning letter sounds, or using a self-monitoring behavior chart for work completion

What Is Progress Monitoring?

  • A way to show how well instruction or the intervention is working
  • A way to show if a student is meeting instructional or behavioral goals
  • A way to determine if the intervention plan needs to be changed
  • Uses quick tools or measures to determine progress on a regular basis
    • Examples include 1-minute reading or math probes, or behavior charts

Progress Monitoring Charts

Progress Monitoring Chart

Progress Monitoring Chart

Can I Still Have My Child Tested?

  • PS-RtI is NOT a way to delay referral to special education
  • It is part of the individual student evaluation process through the observations and progress monitoring data collected on the interventions being implemented
  • You have a legal right to ASK that your child be evaluated by the school to determine eligibility for special education services
  • The school has a legal responsibility to provide a response to this request

Family and School Co-Roles and Partnerships in RtI

Where Can I Learn More?

Your school’s guidance counselor or school psychologist is a wonderful resource.